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Title / Description: Temple of BacchusCommentary: The Temple of Bachhus was built on a podium, with a flight of steps leading up to the Temple proper. Corinthian columns 19 meters high line the exterior of the building, which was built by the emperor Antonius Pius (r. 138-161). The ceiling of the Temple is carved with many decorative patterns as well as portraits of divinities. In the interior of the Temple, one may find engaged fluted Corinthian columns and large, two-story niches. The Holy of Holies (adytum) is located in the rear of the building, raised above the rest of the edifice, along the lines of the local traditions.
Provenance: Baalbek, Lebanon
Object Type: image - architecture
Date: 2nd c. CE
The Oxford Encyclopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, vol. 1
Author of Commentary: Adam Mendelson
Source: Phinney, D. Nathan Leander Keck slide collection