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Title / Description: Qumran (caves): cave 4Q and Wadi QumranCommentary: Cave 4Q was artificially carved out by its original inhabitants. The cave was the home of hundreds of manuscripts, and was excavated in 1952 after its discovery by the Bedouin, who looted and sold some of the documents that they found there.
Provenance: Qumran, Israel
Date: 2nd c. BCE - 1st c. CE
The Oxford Encylcopedia of Archaeology in the Near East, vol. 2
Author of Commentary: Adam Mendelson
Source: Cutts, Edward L.
Reference: QUMRAN (caves): cave 4Q