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Title / Description: Western WallCommentary:
Provenance: Jerusalem, Israel
Object Type: image - architecture
Date: 1st c BCE/1st c CE
The lower courses of the temple mount reconstructed by Herod the Great between 20 BCE and 28 CE are all that remains of the Second Temple. The enormous but finely dressed blocks in the lower courses date from the Herodian period. The less refined masonry of the upper courses is from more recent times.
The wall or Kotel remains a sacred site for pious Jews, who are seen here at prayer. The conventions of an orthodox synagogue are observed; hence men and women pray at separate sections of the wall.
"Then Jesus entered the temple and drove out all who were selling and buying in the temple, and he overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of thos who sold doves." Matthew 21:12
"When he entered the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to him as he was teaching, and said, 'By what authority are you doing these things, and who gave you this authority?'" Matthew 21:23-24
"As Jesus came out of the temple and was going away, his disciples came to point out to him the buidlings of the temple." Matthew 24:1
"Then he entered Jerusalem and went into the temple; and when he had looked around at everything, as it was already late, he went out to Bethany with the twelve." Mark 11:11
"Then they came to Jerusalem. And he entered the temple and began to drive out those who were selling and those who were buying in the temple, and he overturned the tables of the money changers and the seats of those who sold doves." Mark 11:15
"Again they came to Jerusalem. As he was walking in the temple, the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders came to him and said, "By what authority are you doing these things? Who gave you this authority to do them?" Mark 11:27-28
"As he came out of the temple, one of his disciples said to him, "Look, Teacher, what large stones and what large building!" Mark 13:1
"Then he entered the temple and began to drive out those who were selling things there." Luke 19:45
"One day, as he was teaching the people in the temple and telling the good news, the chief priests and the scribes came with the elders and said to him, 'Tell us, by what authority are you doing these things? Who is it who gave you this authority?'" Luke 20:1-2
"When some were speaking about the temple, how it was adorned with beautiful stones and gifts dedicated to God..." Luke 21:5
"The Passover of the Jews was near, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. In the temple, he found people selling cattle, sheep, and doves, and the money changers seated at their tables." John 2:13-14
"While he clung to Peter and John, all the people ran together to them in the portico called Solomon's Portico, utterly astonished." Acts 3:11
"When the seven days were almost completed, the Jews from Asia, who had seen him in the temple, stirred up the whole crowd. They seized him..." Acts 21:27
All Scripture references are from the New Revised Standard Version.
Author of Commentary: Harold Attridge
Source: Attridge, Harold W. Harold Attridge slide collection